What is a Noncitizen National of the United States?

What is a Noncitizen National of the United States

A Noncitizen National of the United States is an individual who owes permanent allegiance to the U.S. But is not a U.S. Citizen.

Noncitizen nationals possess certain rights and privileges, such as the right to travel and reside in the U.S., but cannot vote in federal elections. Noncitizen nationals of the United States are a unique category of individuals who maintain a special connection to the country without holding citizenship.

While they don’t have all the rights and privileges that U.S. Citizens enjoy, noncitizen nationals still benefit from certain provisions. Understanding the concept of noncitizen nationality is essential for comprehending the various legal and social aspects of this distinct category of individuals within the United States.

We will explore noncitizen nationals’ definitions, rights, and responsibilities, illuminating their unique status within American society. By delving into the intricacies of noncitizen nationality, we can better understand the diverse fabric that makes up the United States, ensuring comprehensive knowledge and awareness in the process.

Noncitizen National Vs. Citizen: Understanding The Difference

Definition of a Noncitizen National: A Noncitizen National of the United States refers to individuals who owe allegiance to the United States but are not considered U.S. citizens. Noncitizen nationals can be born in American Samoa or Swains Island or individuals with certain connections to the United States.

Comparison to U.S. Citizens: Noncitizen nationals differ from U.S. citizens in terms of their legal status and citizenship rights. While U.S. citizens possess full rights and privileges, noncitizen nationals may have some restrictions on their rights, such as the ability to vote in federal elections or hold certain government positions.

Rights and Privileges of Noncitizen Nationals: Noncitizen nationals still possess some important rights and privileges. They can live and work in the United States indefinitely without fearing deportation. They can also apply for U.S. passports and receive consular assistance when abroad.

However, it is essential to understand the specific legal distinctions between noncitizen nationals and U.S. citizens to ensure that their rights are protected.

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How To Become A Noncitizen National

A noncitizen national of the United States is an individual who has a unique status that is different from being a citizen or a noncitizen immigrant. Becoming a noncitizen national can occur through various means.

Birthright Noncitizen National status

This status is acquired by individuals who are born in one of the U.S. territories, which include American Samoa, Swains Island, and certain islands in the Caribbean. By virtue of their birth on these territories, they become noncitizen nationals.

Naturalization as a Noncitizen National

In some cases, a noncitizen immigrant may choose to naturalize as a noncitizen national instead of pursuing full citizenship. This option allows individuals to obtain the benefits and protections of U.S. nationality without acquiring all the rights and responsibilities of a citizen.

Renunciation of U.S. Citizenship to become a Noncitizen National

In certain situations, an individual who is a U.S. citizen may voluntarily renounce their citizenship to assume the status of a noncitizen national. This decision is typically made for personal or cultural reasons, allowing the individual to maintain a connection to the United States while relinquishing certain obligations.

Becoming a noncitizen national can provide unique legal rights and protections while also limiting certain privileges of full citizenship. It is important for individuals considering this path to carefully evaluate their options and understand the implications.

Noncitizen Nationals: Benefits And Limitations

An individual who is categorized as a noncitizen national of the United States enjoys certain benefits and faces certain limitations. As a noncitizen national, employment opportunities exist within the country for them, just like for citizens, although the privileges of voting or certain government jobs may not be available.

Education and healthcare are accessible to noncitizen nationals, with opportunities to pursue academic endeavors and receive medical care within the United States. They can also travel freely throughout the country without needing a visa or immigration status.

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Regarding residency, noncitizen nationals have the right to reside and work in certain U.S. territories, such as American Samoa and Swains Island.

Noncitizen nationals also have obligations towards Social Security and taxes, with contributions being required based on their employment income and other applicable laws.

What is a Noncitizen National of the United States

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Frequently Asked Questions For What Is A Noncitizen National Of The United States

What Rights Do Noncitizen Nationals Of The United States Have?

Noncitizen nationals can live and work in the United States without needing a visa or immigration status. They also have access to social services, public education, and protection under U. S. laws. However, noncitizen nationals cannot vote in federal elections or hold certain public offices.

How Does Someone Become A Noncitizen National Of The United States?

A person can become a noncitizen national of the United States through various ways, such as being born in a U.S. territory or being born to a non-U. S. citizen parents in certain circumstances. Noncitizen nationality can also be acquired through the naturalization process or by special legislation from Congress.

Can Noncitizen Nationals Of The United States Become U.S. Citizens?

Yes, noncitizen nationals of the United States can become U.S. citizens through the naturalization process. They must meet the eligibility requirements, including residency, language proficiency, and U.S. history and government knowledge. Once naturalized, they will have the same rights and privileges as any other U.S. citizen.


Understanding the concept of a non-citizen national of the United States is crucial for navigating the complexities of immigration law. Being distinct from both citizens and noncitizen immigrants, Noncitizen Nationals possess a unique legal status that affords certain rights and responsibilities.

By recognizing and appreciating the significance of this designation, individuals can better comprehend the diverse fabric of the American population and ensure equitable treatment for all residents.

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